Humanitarian Crises in Nigeria: An Evaluation of Education, Security and Health Concerns of IDPs in Abuja.

Authors

  • Unekwu Friday Itodo KOGI STATE UNIVERSITY

Keywords:

Humanitarian, crises, Security, Health, challenges, Concerns and IDPs

Abstract

From the deadly disasters triggered by the Boko Haram insurgents and the fast-spreading attacks, children, women and the aged across the north eastern part of Nigeria have deserted the traumatized population who have no place to run to, cross the border to neighboring countries (Cameroon and chad) and others have moved to close by north western states where they have relatives, but a chunk of them besieged the nation’s capital (Abuja) occupying large expanse of land in new Kuchingoro IDP camp. Unfortunately, children make up nearly half of the population. They are at increased risk of disease, malnutrition, gender-based violence and exploitation. The unending attack, growing corruption and failed states are trapping millions of these people, especially children, in semi-permanent humanitarian crisis. The finding shows that they are faced with a wide range of complex humanitarian crisis. The work concludes that, to end the humanitarian crisis, a doubled humanitarian action is expected to grow over the coming days, and the operational contexts for delivering assistance are becoming more un-complex and diverse.

References

ENDNOTES

WHO. Constitution of the World Health Organization. 2006. www.who.int/governance/eb/ who_constitution_en.pdf

Christian Nordqvist. Health: What does good health really mean? Mon 31 July 2017. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150999.php

Ibid

Maul, D. Human Rights, Development and Decolonization: The International Labour Organization, 1 9 4 0 – 7 0. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 2012

Barnett, M. (2005) ‘Humanitarianism Transformed’, Perspectives on Politics, vol. 3, no. 4.

Norman S. Fiering, ‘Irresistible Compassion: An Aspect of Eighteenth Century Sympathy and Humanitarianism’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 37.2 (1976): 196; D. J. B. Trim, ‘“If a Prince Use Tyrannie Towards His People”: Interventions on Behalf of Foreign Populations in Early modern Europe’ in D. J. B. Trim and Brendan Simms, eds, Humanitarian Intervention: A History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), 29–66.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

Jacobo Quintanilla, Jesse Hardman, Matt Abud, Alison Campbell and Deborah Ensor. Reporting On Humanitarian Crises: A Manual for Trainers & Journalists and an Introduction for Humanitarian Workers. MANUAL HANDOUTS. 2014. retrieved from: http://eleuve.carbonmade. Com.

Dewey, J. Democracy and Education. An introduction to the philosophy of education (1966 ed.). New York: Free Press. 1916.

Infed. What is education? A definition and discussion. http://infed.org/mobi/what-is-education-a-definition-and-discussion/

Thesaurus dictionary. Education. https://www.dictionary.com/browse/the

Introduction, Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement; Kampala Convention, Article 1(k).

Great Lakes Protocol on the Protection and Assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (2006), available at www.internal-displacement.org/ Greatlakes.

Handbook for the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons. Global Protection Cluster Working Group. December 2007.

Buzan, Barry. People, States & Fear: The National Security Problem in International Relations. 2nd edition. (Financial Times Prentice Hall: New Jersey). 1991.

O. I. Robert, “Strategies for Security Management in Nigeria: A Roadmap for Peace and National Security” In African Research Review. An International Multidisciplinary Journal,Ethiopia Vol. 8 (3), Serial No. 34, July, 2014. P.1

I.C Achumba, O.S. Ighomereho, & M.O.M. Akpo-Robaro, “Security Challenges in Nigeria and the implications for business activities and sustainable development” In Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4 (2) 2013, P. 79.

Mike Asplet. (2013). Handbook for Parliamentarians Internal Displacement: Responsibility and Action: Handbook for Parliamentarians No 20. Inter-parliamentary union. UNHCR UN refugee agency. 2013

Emeka Odumegwu Ojukwu. Because I Am Involved. Spectrum books limited, Ibadan. 1989. pp.109-110

Alhaji S Z Mohammed. Relief services in the Nigerian civil war. In Takena N Tamuno and Samson C Ukpabi ed. Nigeria since independence: the first 25 years. Vol.vi. Heinneman Educational Book. 1989. Pp. 234-251

Federik Fosyth. Emeka. Spectrum books limited. Ibadan. 1982. Pp.69-70

Chinua Achebe. There was a country. Allen Lane. 2012.London. 9781846147920. pp.94

Federik fosyth. Emeka. Spectrum books limited. Ibadan. 1982. Pp.73

Goetz. Humanitarian issues in the Biafra conflict. See also Caroline Moorehead, Dunants dream (New York: harper Collins, 1988), pp.615-616

Chinua Achebe. There was a country. Allen Lane. 2012. p. 83

A Historical Analysis of Violence and Internal Population Displacement in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic, 1999-2011, Andesite Samson Adesola & Peters, Akin Ola, 2015

Ibid.

Nigeria: Multiple Forms of Mobility in Africa’s Demographic Giant, B. U. Mberu, R. Pongou, June 2010.

http://www.hrpub.org/download/20140305/IJRH4- 19201874.pdf

Ibid.

See the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Nairobi, Kenya (2011): Report on Environmental Assessment of Ogoni land, Niger Delta region, Nigeria.

NRCS 2013 Annual report.

Fatima Kyari Mohammed. The Causes and Consequences of Internal. Displacement in Nigeria and Related Governance Challenges. Working Paper FG 8 April 2017 SWP Berlin. Division Global Issues. Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs. April 2017

Ibid

National Baseline Youth Survey, National Bureau of Statistics in Collaboration with Federal Ministry of Youth Development, 2012.

Ibid.

Fatima Kyari Mohammed. The Causes and Consequences of Internal. Displacement in Nigeria and Related Governance Challenges. Working Paper FG 8 April 2017 SWP Berlin. Division Global Issues. Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik German Institute for International and Security Affairs. April 2017.

Pérouse de Montclos et al., Boko Haram: Islamism, politics, security and the state in Nigeria, African Studies Centre (ASC) Institut Français de Recherche en Afrique (IFRA), West African Politics and Society Series, Vol. 2, 2014.

Ibid.

IOM Nigeria situation report 2016.

The IOM began implementing its DTM programme in July 2014.

Fatima Kyari Mohammed. The Causes and Consequences of Internal. Displacement in Nigeria and Related Governance Challenges………

Abdulrahman Adamu & Zuwaira Haruna Rasheed. “Effects of Insecurity on the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Northern Nigeria: Prognosis and Diagnosis.” Global Journal of HUMAN-SOCIAL SCIENCE: F Political Science. Volume 16 Issue 1 Version 1.0 Year 2016

Multiple displacement crises overshadowed by Boko Haram. 9 December 2014. www.internal-displacement.org. retrieved.20/06/2016

Deng, Francis. The guiding principles on internal displacement" E/CN.4/1998/53/Add.l, February 11. New York, NY: United Nations. New York: United Nations. Retrieved 2007-10-23.

Multiple displacement crises overshadowed by Boko Haram. ……..

IDMC Nigeria. http://www.internal-displacement.org/countries/nigeria

Luka Yathuma. oral interview. He is an IDP from the Glavda tribe in Gwoza LGA and the secretary of the camp. age 28.

Eunuch Yohana. oral interview. IDP. Zelidva Gwoza. School coordinator. Age 33

Ladi Mathias. oral interview. IDP. Glavda Gwoza. Camp women leader. Age 40.

Luka Yathuma. oral interview……….

Philemon Emmanuel. oral interview. IDP. Gava Afkabiya. Camp chairman. Age 45.

Alhaji Usman. oral interview. IDP Afkabiya Gava. Camp vice chairman. Age 35.

Solomon Benjamin. oral interview. IDP Glavda Gwoza. Age 23.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-09