Inside Buhari's Post-Truth Presidency and the Crisis of Logic and Epistemology


  • Alloy S. Ihuah, PhD Department of Philosophy, Benue State University, Makurdi


Post-Truth, Politics, Fake-News, Buhari Presidency, Mutational Logic, Mutational Epistemology, Nigerian Democracy


It has been the convinced position of many observers of the Nigerian nation that, something is wrong with Nigeria, and that, something is wrong with anyone who says nothing is wrong with Nigeria. This essay interrogates one of the major wrongs of Nigerian Politics namely, the lies of the Nigerian leadership and its submissive acceptance by the Nigerian public under the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari. Today, we consciously live in a post-truth Political space that harbours corruption of intellectual integrity that has damaged the whole fabric of Nigerian democracy. Today truth seems longer important or relevant in national policy and politics. This paper explores this dark side of the age of information, a side that is exploited by the media mavens, political hawks and ideological propagandists who promote lies, illusion, confusion, and other forms of demented or manipulated imagination. The paper submits that, under Buhari's administration, objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal beliefs which have oiled the ego of the ruling oligarchy and promoted ethnic and religious supremacist tendency, criminality, mass corruption and weakening of national systems. A conclusion is argued that the Buhari post-truth Presidency is living the post-factual (post-reality) political culture in which its policies, politics and governance are framed largely by appeals to religion, ethnicity and emotions far disconnected from the details of the policy to which factual rebuttals are ignored; episteme and expert opinions are regarded as nothing but sophistry and illusion.


Adler, Ronald, and Towne, Neil. Looking out/looking in (2 Ed.), New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1978.

Alister E. McGrath. Christian Theology. Blackwell: 2001.

Bok, Sessile. (2011). Lying: Moral choice in public and private life. New York: Random House US.

Busari, Stephanie. How Fake News was Weaponized in Nigeria's Elections, the CNN, February 15, 2019. Accessed Monday 18 March, 2021.

Carole Cadwalladr, “Interview with Daniel Dennett,” The Guardian, February 12, 2017.

Coughlan, S. Education correspondent on, What does post-truth mean for a philosopher?

David Lay Williams, Democracy Dies in Darkness, December 13, 2016

accessed on 17th June, 2021

Don Fallis, Misinformation Vs Disinformation: What's the Difference? 2014.

________. "The Varieties of Disinformation" 2014.

Faroq Kperogi, “The Buhari Propagandocracy and the Rhetoric of Fake News”. Accessed on March 13th, 2022

Frans, De Waal. The Forgotten Ape, Berkeley, University of California Press, 1997.

Franz Kafka in Hannah Arendt, Men in Dark Times, San Diego New York, A Harvest Book, Harcourt Brace & Company New York,1995.

Garko, G. and N. Kenneth. Cissa's An Axiological Interpretation of I.A.

Richards's Theory of Communication and its Application to the study of Compliance-Gaining.

Greene, Joshua. Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason and the Gap Between Us and Them, New York: Penguin Press, 2013.

Haidt, Jonathan. The righteous Mind: Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion, New York: Pantheon, 2012.

Hannah Arendt, “Truth and Politics,” edited by Baehr, Peter, 545–575. Harmondsworth: Penguin. 2000.

Hillmar Hoffman, The Triumph of Propaganda: Film and National Socialism, 1933-1945 Providence: Berghahn Books,1997

Ihuah, Alloy .S., Information, Communications Technology and the Post-Truth Challenge in Nigeria: Beyond Logic and Epistemology, in Philosophy and Praxis,. Journal of Nigerian Philosophical Association Vol. 9, 2019.

I n t e r n a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n o f L i b r a r y A s s o c i a t i o n s 2017 ( )( ), accessed on April 2, 2021.

John Milton 1644 cited in “Free Speech, Fake News, and Democracy, Alvin I.

Goldman Board of Governors Distinguished Professor, Rutgers University, 1979.

Jonathan F: Writer Who Fabricated Story Tells of Pressure 'To Be First. Jan. 29, 1982, accessed on April 2, 2021,

Kant Immanuel, Grounding for Metaphysics of Morals. Translated by Ellington, James, W(3 ed), Indianapolis and Cambridge: Hackett, 1993.

Rashmee Roshan Lall,Dealing with fake news: Socrates would've known how, Feb,, 19, 2017.

Richards, I. Armstrong. Context of Language: An Overlooked Contribution to Rhetorico- Communication Theory; read his The Philosophy of Rhetoric,New York: Oxford University Press,1936.

The New York Times has kept track of Trump's ad hominem tweets, which are mostly examples of name-calling. This tabloid has published these in an ongoing list titled, "The 359 People, Places and Things Donald Trump Has Insulted on Twitter: AComplete List”

Wilcox, W., The staged news photograph and professional ethics. Journalism Quarterly, 38, 1961.

Sir Ahmadu Bello, in The Parrot of October 12, 1960, cited by Oyeyemi, 2015; and Anenga, 2018. Accessed on 8 April, 2021

st Yuval N. Harari, 21 Lessons for the 21 Century, (London, Penguin Random House UK, 2008)

_____________, “The Truth about Fake News,” Yediot Ahronot,

,,7340,L-5430064,00.html; accessed December 20, 2021 /writer-who-fabricatedstory-tells-of-pressure- to-be-first.html

______________Extract: 'Humans are a Post-Truth Species,'” The Observer. Accessed August 5, 2021

Zacharys A, Gundu, Tiv Professionals Group (TPG)“Press statement on the Fulani Herdsmen Attacks on Nigeria”, Makurdi, 7th July, 2018