Extrinsic Materialist Conception of Value and the Burgeoning Banditry in Nigeria

Authors

  • Godwin Okaneme PhD Department of Philosophy, University of Abuja
  • Thomas Egaga Ushie Department of Philosophy, University of Calabar

Abstract

Despite the determination of security agencies, governmental and                                                          nongovernmental commissions and institutions to arrest the current of
criminality in the country, particularly in northern Nigeria, such as
banditry and kidnapping and other sundry financially induced
criminalities in Nigeria, it has continued unabated, bestriding the
country like a colossus as citizens shiver and quiver in the scale of terror
the criminals have unleashed and are unleashing relentlessly. Using
available data, reports and critical textual expositions, our analysis
shows that the brazen spate of criminality, especially, banditry and
kidnapping to extort money in Northern Nigeria, is driven by the
concepts of let-us-take-our-share and get-rich-quick by all means
mentality. These concepts are motivated by the misplacement of values
on negative extrinsic materialist attitudes. We submit that until the
youths, the bandits and other criminals, re-evaluate and realign their
values with those that promote being-with-others, being-for-others, the
common good of the community and the care for others above material
acquisition, banditry and kidnapping in the north will continue to fester.

References

Adepegba, Adelani . “Five Abducted Tegina Students Dead, Many ill With

Swollen Legs —Head Teacher”. Punch. August 25, 2021.

https://punchng.com

Akinwotu, Emmanuel. “Almost 300 schoolgirls kidnapped in Nigeria are free,

says state governor”. In The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com

March, 2, 2021.

BBC News. Zamfara Secondary School Girls Jangebe Kidnapping: Gunmen

Abduct 317 students from Government Secondary School.

https://www.bbc.com/pidgin/tori-56165585. February 6, 2021.

Bisong, Peter Bisong and Ekanem, Samuel Aloysius. “The Contemporary

Nigerian Summum Bonum and its Effect on the Economy” in Sophia: An

African Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs. 15 (1) Sept., 2014.

-61

Brenner, Claire. Combating Banditry in Northwest Nigeria.

https://www.americansecurityproject.org/combating-banditry-innorthwest-nigeria/ March 19, 2021. Retrieved August 13, 2021.

Edet, Mesembe Ita. “On the Origin and Character of Human Values: A

Complementary Reflection”. Research on Humanities and Social

Sciences. Vol.4, No.2, 2014.

____________ “Human Values and Their Foundations: Towards An Ethic of

Living Right (EOUSLY)”. In Research on Humanities and Social

Sciences. Vol.5, No.17, 2015

Grunberg, Ludwig. The Mystery of Values: Studies in Axiology. Amsterdam:

Editions Rodopi 8.V., 2000

Ilori, Joseph A. Moral Philosophy in African Context. Zaria: Ahmadu Bello

University Press. 2009.

James, Gene G. “The Defense of Ralph Barton Perry's Definition of Value”.

Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.Vol 7 (3). 1976. Pp 230-238.

Lawhead, William F. The Voyage of Discovery: A Historical Introduction to

Philosophy. Belmont: Wadsworth Group. 2002.

Lacey, A.R. ADictionary of Philosophy. New York: Routledge, 1996.

Jones, Mayeni. “Nigeria School Abduction: Gunmen Kidnap Students in Niger

State”. In BBC https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-57300643.

Accessed September10, 2021

Maishanu, Abubakar Ahmadu. “Kagara Abduction: Kidnappers Demand

Ransom from Victims' Parents” in Premium Times.

https://www.premiumtimesng.com February 24, 2021.

Mohammed, Idris. “No End in Sight for Insecurity and Banditry in

Northwestern Nigeria”. In Terrorism Monitor. Vol xix. Issue 13

(https://jamestown.org/program/no-end-in-sight-for-insecurity-andbanditry-in-northwestern-nigeria/) July 2, 2021. Pp3-5.

Odumayak, Okpo. “Moral Education and Nigeria's Development”. Sophia: An

African Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs. 15 (2) April 2015. pp

-6

Olurode, Lai. The Story of Anini: Society, Police and Crime in Nigeria.

Lagos: Rebonik Publications. 2008.

Okoli, Al Chukwuma and Okpaleke, Francis. Banditry and Crisis of Public

Safety in Nigeria: Issues in National Security Strategics. In European

Scientific Journal. Vol.10, No.4. February 2014

Okoli, Al Chukwuma and Ugwu, Anthony Chinedu. “Of Marauders and

Brigands: Scoping The Threat of Rural Banditry in Nigeria's North

West”. In Brazilian Journal of African Studies. 4 (8) July/December

pp 201-222.

Okon, Etim E & Ogbonnaya, Lucky U. “Islam and the Challenge of Boko

Haram” in Emele M. Uka (ed.) Religion, Politics and Inter-Faith

Relations in Nigeria. Calabar: Afripenticost Publishers, 2016. 68-82

Reuters. “Bandits in Northwest Nigeria Release 15 Students After Parents

Raise Ransom”. https://www.reuters.com/world/africa/banditsnorthwest. Accessed September 10, 2021.

Rønnow-Rasmussen, Toni. “Intrinsic and Extrinsic Value”. In The Oxford

Handbook of Value Theory. Iwao Hirose and Jonas Olson (ed.) Oxford

University Press. pp 29-43

Schroeder, Mark. “Value Theory” in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

(https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/value-theory/) Accessed May 27,

Ushie, Thomas Egaga. “Ethical Naturalism and Same-Sex Marriage”.

Sophia: An African Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs. 15 (2)

April 2015. 29 – 36.

Ushie, Thomas Egaga & Adie, Rose Ogeyi. “Plato's Philosophy of Education

and the Problem of Leadership in Nigeria”. Calabar Journal of Liberal

Studies (CAJOLIS). 20 (2) 2018. 62-75.

Taylor, Charles. Sources of the Self. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,

Zimako, O. Zimako. Face of a Nation: Democracy in Nigeria, Foreign

Relations and National Image. Modern Approach, 2009.

Downloads

Published

2021-12-30