The Notion of Causality in Edo Metaphysics: A Hermeneutico-Philosophical Study


  • Emmanuel Asia, PhD Department of Philosophy, University of Benin, Nigeria


The problem of causality has been a subject of controversy and debate
for metaphysicians and philosophers of science. Causality, since the
days of Aristotle, has been a contested notion with great implications for
the study of metaphysics and the philosophy of science. Despite David
Hume's denial of causality, still remains a fundamental issue and a
mystery as to how a cause could bring about its effect and/or the
relationship between cause and effect. This brings to question whether
there is uniformity in nature. This work examines the Edo notion of
causality and avers that in Edo ontology there is no room for chance,
every event has a prior cause. Employing the method of hermeneutics,
we discovered that the existing literature on causality does not take
cognizance of other metaphysical notions as we have in Edo
metaphysics. Contrary to the mechanistic conception of causality in
Western metaphysics, the Edo notion of causality can be understood
within the context of some metaphysical notions such as reincarnation,
determinism, Freedom and predestination. Hence, this paper concludes
that the Edo notion of causality should be further researched into and
considered as an alternative solution to the contradictory views of
causality in Western discourse.


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