Colonial Devaluation of Igala People's Language and Culture: A Case for Decoloniality of Nigerian Cultures

Authors

  • Joseph Igono, PhD Department of French, Federal University of Lafia

Keywords:

Igala, Language, Culture, Decoloniality, Devaluation

Abstract

Though Igala ethnic group is situated in the interior part of Nigeria, the
permeation of colonial attitude at this indigenous ethnic level create the
perception where every values and cultures promoted by westerners are
considered excellent and helpful to Africans and necessitated the abandonment
or near total devaluation of their culture.Using decoloniality as a theoretical
standpoint, the paper explains how the contacts of the Igala ethnic nationality
with the colonizers devalue their language and culture and continues to create
dual identities in the people. The conclusion was that historical colonial and
linguistic conditions still exist and are being facilitated to foster neocolonial
policies and mentality which in turn are beckon upon to perpetuate the
glorification of European languages and cultures at the expense of indigenous
ones. The paper therefore, recommends that effort at decolonizing the local
culture and language ought to be intensified. There is also an urgent need to
reshape the attitude of the Igala people to revalorize their language and culture.

References

Abbenhuis, Maartje. “The Present as History” (blog). Fifteen Eightyfour: Academic Perspective from Cambridge University Press. June 7, 2022.

Adetiba, T.C. and Rahim, A. “Between Ethnicity, Nationality and Development in Nigeria”. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 1 no. 3 (2012) 656-674.

Amanabo, O. Percentage/Half Salary Syndrome in Kogi Local Governments. An Interview. (2014). 23

Antia, Bassey E. and Charlyns Dyers. “De-alienating the academy: Multilingual Teaching as Decolonial Pedagogy”. Linguistics and

Education. 51 (2019) 91-100.

AtadogaIgala Population and Kogi State Politics: A Monograph. ( Lokoja: Adoja Centre for Democratic Studies. 2014) 12. See also Idachaba, F.S. “Academic Honour in Igalaland”, being a Speech delivered on the Courtesy visit of Igala Students Association to the Vice Chancellor, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi. 1992)

Boston, J. “Igala Political Organization. African Notes 4.2” (1968). In The Igala Kingdom – The History of the 9th Largest Tribe in Nigeria, Ibadan: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Boston, J. “Igala Political Organization”. African Notes 4 no 2 (1968). In The Igala Kingdom – The History of the 9th Largest Tribe in Nigeria, Ibadan: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Dellal, Mohammed. “On the Decolonization of African Languages”. Global Journal of Human Social Sciences, Linguistics and Education. 13 no.12, version 1.0, (2013).

Egbolimajon “The Tall Dream of Ata AmehOboni”. Igala Voice Magazine 2 No. 4 (May 8th - 14th 1996).

Fanon, Frantz. Peau Noir, Masques Blancs.(Black Skin, White Masks translated By Charles Lam Markham). 1952.

Heldring, Leander and James A. Robinson, “Colonialism and Economic Development of Africa”. In The Oxford University Handbook of the

Politics of Development. Edited by Carol, Lancaster and Nicholas Van De Walle, Part III, 295-327.Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press,

Kyo, Thung-yi. “The Urgency of Decoloniality” The SOAS Journal of Postgraduate Research. Volume 11 (2017-18) 133-152

Messay, Kebede. “The Rehabilitation of Violence and the Violence of Rehabilitation: Fanon and Colonialism” Journal of Black Studies, 31 (5). 2001.

Miachi, T. A. “Introducing the Igala People, the Programme of Events for the 54thAnniversary of the Ascension of His Royal Majesty Alh. (Dr.) Aliyu O. Obaje to the Exalted Throne of His Fore-Fathers”. The Incarnate Being Phenomenon in African Culture – Anthropological Perspectives on the Igala of North-Central Nigeria, Ibadan: Kraft Books, 2012.

Migge, Bettina and Isabelle Léglise, “Language and colonialism. Applied linguistics in the context of creole communities”. In Marlis Hellinger and Anne Pauwels (eds.), Language and Communication: Diversity and Change. Handbook of Applied Linguistics,297-338. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 2007.

Migge, Bettina and Isabelle Léglise, “Language and colonialism. Applied linguistics”.

Mignolo, Walter, D. and Catherine E. Walsh. “On Decoloniality: Concepts, Analytics, Praxis, Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2018

Ndlovu-Gatsheni, Sabelo J. “Why Decoloniality in the 21st Century? The Thinker for Thought Leaders. 48 (February, 2013). 10-15

Ojonemi, Paul Salisu and Ferdinard, OjonimiEdino. "Igala Ethnic Nationality and Leadership Challenge”. Donnish Journal of African Studies and Development. 1 no. 4 (2015).

Oni, Samuel and Joshua, Segun, “Colonial Africa and its Emerging Cultures”. In Osuntokun, Akinjide, Adebileje, Adebola, Oluwaniyi, Oluwatoyin and Fryanka, Bernard B (eds) Peoples, Cultures and Civilization. (Ede: The Directorate for General Studies Programme, Redeemers' University, 2014). 99-112.

Onyemelukwe, Ifeoma. Colonial, Feminist and Post-colonial Discourses: Decolonialism and Globalization of African Literature. Zaria-Nigeria: Labelle Educational Publishers, 2004.

Quijano, Anibal. Coloniality and Modernity/Rationality. Cultural Studies, 21 no. 2 (December 26, 2010) 168-179.

Rodney, Walter. How Europe under-developed Africa, London: Boyle Loourveture Publication, 1976.

Usman, B. “Leadership, Security and National Development (I)”, being an Excerpts of a Lecture at Abdullahi Smith Lecture Theatre, Faculty of Arts, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, in The Punch, 39 no. 20,842,(Thursday, January 22, 2015).

WaThiong'o, Ngugi. Decolonising the mind: The Politics of language in African literature, Portsmouth: NH. Heinemann, 1981.

Downloads

Published

2022-06-30

Issue

Section

Articles