CONTEXTUALISING PAUL WARREN TAYLOR’S BIOCENTRIC EGALITARIANISM AS A VIABLE REMEDY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CRISES
The paper examined biocentric egalitarianism as construed by Paul Warren
Taylor. The paper adopted a qualitative research design. Data were sourced from
books, journals, periodicals and the internet. The expository, analytical and
evaluative methods were used. The expository method excavated the thoughts of
Taylor. The analytical method presented the thoughts of Taylor on biocentric
egalitarianism in detail, while the evaluative method assessed his thoughts vis-àvis
current environmental crises. The work found out that environmental ethics
has played an important part in challenging the historically dominant and deeprooted
anthropocentrism (human-centeredness) of conventional ethics, but the
ethics of biocentrism (life-centredness), with particular reference to Paul Taylor,
in his 1986 book, titled, Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics,
argues that all living things have inherent worth and should be respected as such.
For Taylor, to recognise this inherent worth in all living things and give them due
consideration is to have “respect for nature” (which covers all life forms). The
implication is that there is a need for a proper attitudinal change to nature, making
of laws, and effectual environmental policies that are pragmatic in quelling
environmental crises. The work, therefore, concluded that Taylor's biocentric
egalitarianism is worthy of attention, with the target of resolving environmental
issues and also articulating new environmental concerns and considerations.
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