BETWEEN PLATO AND FREUD’S THEORY OF HUMAN NATURE

  • Dr OYEKUNLE OLUWAYEMISI ADEGBOYEGA National Open University of Nigeria
  • UWAEZUOKE PRECIOUS OBIOHA Department of Philosophy Akwa Ibom State University
Keywords: Human nature, Plato, Sigmund Freud

Abstract

This paper discusses Plato and Sigmund Freud’s conception of human nature. It
is a critical analytic discussion of the fundamental relationship between the two
philosophers’ understanding of a human person. The paper observes that Plato
and Freud’s account of human nature and other existing scholarly accounts of the
subject matter underscore the perennial attempts by human beings to organize
their understanding of the cosmos; to figure out their relation to God, nature, and
other humans; and to uncover the possibilities, meanings and purposes of human
life as a basis for improving the destiny of the human person. The paper contends
that, although there are distinctions and similarities in Plato and Freud’s
conceptions, they do not capture the symbiotic relationship of individuality and
relationality that characterises human nature as a multi-dimensional concept, and
that where they scarcely do, they do not recognize the equal importance that the
two have. In its critical analytic adventure, the paper underscores this symbiotic
relationship and equality of importance, as a basis for underpinning the
ambivalence, dynamism, solidarity and distinctions in the character and
individual/collective disposition to issues that permeate human existence, as we
constantly experience in our society.

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Published
2020-09-13