International Relations and the Burden of Classical Two-Valued Logic

  • Abakedi, D. Effiong University of Calabar, Philosophy Department
  • Ushie, A. Idagu Department of Philosophy, University of Calabar,
Keywords: Classical Two-Valued Logic, International Relations, Non-Classical Logic


This paper argued that international relations has for a very long time been driven
by commitment to the classical logic of bivalence, and that today, this logic is a
threat to world peace. Using the philosophical methods of critical analysis and
historical exposition, the paper highlighted that commitment to classical twovalued
logic augured well for the expansion of empires in ancient, medieval and
modern times because it provided the logical tool for the justification of the
exclusive elimination of the sovereignties of weaker nations by stronger ones. The
paper argued that lessons from recent developments in philosophy of logic and
quantum physics have exposed the weakness of classical two-valued logic in
handling differences which should rather be seen as valued-contraries relative to
possible worlds. The paper submitted that there is need to adopt approaches
founded on logics of complementarity because the elitist approach of bivalent logic,
which is reflective of the principle of conjunction-elimination or simplification has
become a burden to diplomatic relations. Many of the nations adjudged to be weak
and less developed are beginning to resist the supremacy of the world powers,
whereby between two entities, the weak, the underdeveloped, or less-valued can be
justifiably eliminated or overruled.


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